Get started (or continue) with Web programming. This assignment will introduce (or reintroduce) you to HyperText Markup Language (HTML), Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), and JavaScript.


There are three parts for this assignment. You may complete the assignment in a single HTML file or use multiple files (e.g. one for CSS, one for HTML, and one for JavaScript). You may not use D3 or any other external libraries for any of this assignment. The Mozilla Developer Network documentation serves as a great reference for the technologies involved in this assignment. In addition, Scott Murray's Interactive Data Visualization for the Web is a useful reference (see Chapter 3).

Due Date

The assignment is due at 11:59pm Friday, February 9.


You should submit any files required for this assignment on myCourses. You may complete the assignment in a single HTML file or use multiple files (e.g. one for HTML, one for CSS, and one for JavaScript). Note that the files should be linked to the main HTML document accordingly. The filename of the main HTML document should be a1.html.


1. Info (HTML & CSS): 10 points

Create an HTML web page with the title "Assignment 1". It should contain the following text:

  • Your name
  • Your student id
  • The course title ("Data Visualization (DSC 530/CIS 602-01)"), and
  • The assignment title ("Assignment 1")
  • The text "This assignment is all my own work. I did not copy or rewrite the code from any other source except the code given in the assignment."

All of these lines except the last should be heading elements. The first line (your name) should be larger than the others. Do not put anything except the header tags (with id and class attributes only) and the text in HTML. The final line should be a paragraph element.

Style the text using CSS so that your name and student id are displayed in blue, the course title is in italics only (it should not be bold), and the assignment name is green. You must do this using CSS; do not use any HTML attributes except id and class!


  • Certain elements may render in bold by default so you may need to override that. Look at the documentation or use the developer console to see which are bold by default.
  • Use a class attribute for some of the elements.

2. Initials (SVG): 20 points

In the same web page, create an SVG graphic that displays your three initials using SVG. For example, consider the name "John Adam Smith": its initials are "JAS". You do not need to draw periods after each letter. If you have more than three names, use only one of your middle names. If you do not have a middle name, use the second letter of your first name.

You may only use SVG lines, polylines, rectangles, or paths. You do not need to use curves; you may use straight lines to render letters. (See this font for ideas on how to draw letters without curves.) Do not draw your initials using SVG or HTML text elements. You will receive no credit if you use SVG or HTML text elements.

You should draw all content in a single svg element that has dimensions 250x150, e.g.

<svg id="initials" width="250" height="150">
   <!-- YOUR SVG HERE -->
Example Solution for Part 2

Example Solution for Part 2


  • Remember that SVG coordinates start from the top-left part of the element.
  • Investigate the SVG fill and stroke attributes to style your initials.
  • You can style SVG elements with CSS in a similar manner to HTML elements.
  • Start your letters inside of the boundary so that the stroke is not cut off by the boundary.

3. US Refugee Visualization (JavaScript & SVG): 65 points

For Part 3, we will create a visualization using data from the U.S. Refugee Processing Center. The original data on historical arrivals may be found is linked from their Reports. I have processed this data (retrieved Jan. 29, 2018) into a JavaScript array. By adding the following line to your web page, you will have a variable 'refugees' that contains an array of objects.

<script src="http://www.cis.umassd.edu/~dkoop/dsc530-2018sp/a1/us-refugees.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

You may also use the version hosted on git and served via https:

<script src="https://cdn.rawgit.com/dakoop/060aab964b7e9ca2de4bf22a4f0a8195/raw/826e4574c05b7fb671f8fa604ee71368a503800c/us-refugees.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

You should add this line before any other JavaScript code. Each object has eight properties: Year, Africa, Asia, Europe, Former Soviet Union, Kosovo,Latin America/Caribbean,Near East/South Asia.

a. Data Processing (JavaScript): 20 points

In the same web page, write a JavaScript function getTotals (without loops) that takes the array of refugee data as described above and returns a new array for only the years from 1990 through 2017 inclusive with the sum of all the values except Year from the array. You may not use loops, but should instead use Array's map,filter,reduce, and/or forEach methods.

The results for getTotals(refugees) should match the following:

[119057, 111600, 131649, 119197, 112981, 99974, 76403, 70488, 77080, 85525, 73147, 69886, 27131, 28403, 52873, 53813, 41223, 48282, 60191, 74654, 73311, 56424, 58238, 69926, 69987, 69933, 84994, 53716]


  • Make sure your JavaScript occurs after the HTML elements are defined. HTML is processed sequentially. You may also use an onload function.
  • You can nest map/reduce/filter/forEach functions.
  • You may wish to add a parameter startingYear to improve the utility of the function

b. Bar Chart (JavaScript + SVG): 30 points

In the same web page, write JavaScript code to create a bar chart that shows the totals by year using the data you created in part a. The bar chart should be vertical, meaning that bars grow from the bottom to the top of the canvas. Add axes labels to indicate the starting and ending years as well as range of values.

Start with an empty div element and programmatically create an svg element with width 600px and height 400px. Then, add svg elements to create the bars and labels. The visualization must accurately represent the data, but you should experiment with the design of the chart (thickness of lines, number of labels, spacing, axes scales, colors) to find a visualization that communicates the data well.

<div id="barchart">

The following helper function that we discussed in class (or a variant) should be useful (you may copy this directly to your solution):

function makeElt(name, attrs, appendTo)
    var element = document.createElementNS("http://www.w3.org/2000/svg", name);
    if (attrs === undefined) attrs = {};
    for (var key in attrs) {
        element.setAttributeNS(null, key, attrs[key]);
    if (appendTo) {
    return element;


  • In SVG, (0,0) is at the upper-left of the figure.
  • Remember that the x,y coordinates of a rectangle are also the upper-left so subtraction to determine the y-coordinate (or a transform) will be required.
  • Use JavaScript's document.getElementById or document.querySelector function to get a reference to the div element.
  • Leave some space for labels!
  • It will be easiest to use SVG text elements to add labels. Text elements require a child text node with the text to be displayed. Given the extra complexity, a new function designed to create text elements may be useful.
  • Try to use a functional method instead of loops here, too.
  • If you are unable to complete part a, use the provided results to do part b.

c. Highlighting: 15 pts

Now, write a function that will highlight a specific bar by year. Specifically, write a function highlightYear that given a year (e.g. 2002) will change the appearance of that bar to stand out from the others. This should be static; e.g. do not update the highlighted bar based on where the mouse is. Add the following HTML after the barchart div; you should now be able to test how well your function works.

<div id="controls">
  <label for="year">Year:</label>
  <input type="range" id="year" min="1990" max="2017" value="2002"

If you wish to use a different input to trigger the highlighting (e.g. the text field below), this is also ok.


  • Update the code in part b to assign an id attribute to each bar
  • You can change the class attribute of an element by modifying the DOM
  • Extra credit: add a text field so that when you change the text in the field to a different year, the corresponding bar is highlighted.